• A diamond is a mineral. In mineralogy, the word diamond comes from the ancient Greek word “adamas” meaning unbreakable. The diamond is the only gem composed of a single element; Carbon (chemical element C). Diamonds are the hardest natural substance on Earth.
• Most Natural diamonds are formed at high temperature and pressures at depths of 140 to 190 kilometers (87-120 mi) in the Earth’s mantle. Diamonds are brought close to the Earth’s surface through deep volcanic eruptions by magma. A diamond’s value is often affected by the rarity of one or more of the FOUR C’s.
Did You Know:
• Although the first recorded history of the diamond dates back some 3000 years ago to India, one of the first most acclaimed discoveries was in Cape Town, South Africa in 1867. It was named “The Eureka” from the Greek word meaning “I have found it.”
• Less than 25% of all diamond’s mined in the world are used in jewelry.
• The diamond began to be regarded as a symbol of love in the 15th century when an Austrian Prince, Archduke Maximilian, gave diamond jewelry to his fiancé, Mary of Burgundy, in 1477. Before this, diamonds were only worn by Kings because they stood for strength, courage, and invincibility.
• Charles Lewis Tiffany, one of the fathers of Tiffany Co., initiated the tradition of proposing with a diamond ring in 1886, when he introduced the 1st diamond engagement ring to the US market.